Severity of Gum Disease Directly Related to Severity of Heart Attacks
"Researchers at the University of Granada prove that the extent and severity of chronic periodontitis is directly related to the severity of myocardial infarction.
This research published in the Journal of Dental Research surveyed 112 patients who had suffered from an acute case of myocardial infarction. These patients underwent a series of cardiological, biochemical and periodontal health checks and tests.
Researchers from the University of Granada have demonstrated for the first time that chronic periodontitis, an inflammatory gum disease which provokes gradual teeth loss, is closely related to the severity of acute myocardial infarction, commonly known as heart attack.
In a pioneering research, published in the prestigious Journal of Dental Research, and titled “Acute myocardial infarct size is related to periodontitis extent and severity”, this team have demonstrated that the extent and severity of chronic periodontitis is related to the size of acute myocardial infarction through seric levels of troponin I and myoglobin (biomarkers of myocardial necrosis).
This research results in part from the conclusions of Rafael Martín Marfil Álvarez’s doctoral dissertation, which was directed by UGR professors Francisco Mesa Aguado (Stomatology Department), José Antonio Ramírez Hernández (Medicine Department), and Andrés Catena Martínez (Experimental Psychology Department). This research analysed 112 patients who had suffered from acute myocardial infarction, at the Virgen de las Nieves University Hospital Cardiology Unit. They all underwent a series of cardiological, biochemical and periodontal health checks and tests.
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